The local police have been suspected in extrajudicial killings of street children as a form of social cleansing, to combat the growing gang numbers. Since Honduras's return to civilian democratic rule in the 1980s, two small centrist political parties, the Pinu and the PDCH, have participated in regular national presidential and legislative elections. He is credited with a major push to improve the country's transportation infrastructure. Although gang members have been arrested for selling drugs at the street level, it is still unclear how much interaction they have with the larger drug cartels and their operations within Honduras. Two Traditionally Dominant Parties Honduras essentially has had two dominant political parties, the PNH and the PLH, for most of this century, with the military allying itself with the PNH for an extended period beginning in 1963. Regardless of the initial signs of success, gangs learned to adapt and continued to carry out their activities. The Liberal Party's Carlos Roberto Flores Facussé was elected in 1997, also promising to restructure the armed forces; in 1999 the armed forces were brought under civilian control. The attackers promised another massacre before the new year. The USAID quote and murder rate are from USAID, Executive branch of the government of Honduras, Committee for the Defense of Human Rights in Honduras, Revolutionary Popular Forces Lorenzo Zelaya, Central American Bank for Economic Integration, United Nations Economic Commission for Latin America and the Caribbean, International Bank for Reconstruction and Development, International Civil Aviation Organization, International Confederation of Free Trade Unions, International Federation of Red Cross and Red Crescent Societies, International Fund for Agricultural Development, United Nations Mission for the Referendum in Western Sahara, Organisation for the Prohibition of Chemical Weapons, United Nations Conference on Trade and Development, United Nations Industrial Development Organization, "Honduras Quagmire: An Interview with Zelaya", "Army overthrows Honduras president in vote dispute", "Honduras Congress Communiqué explaining why ex President Zelaya was removed", "Honduran Leader's Populism is what Provoked Military Violence", "Honduras supreme court 'ordered arm coup'", http://topics.nytimes.com/topics/reference/timestopics/people/m/roberto_micheletti/index.html, https://www.washingtonpost.com/wp-dyn/content/article/2009/06/28/AR2009062801569.html, "Honduran president overthrown, new leader voted in", "Rare Hemisphere Unity in Assailing Honduran Coup", National Unified Leadership of the Honduran Revolutionary Movement, People's Liberation Movement-Chinchoneros, Revolutionary Democratic Party of Honduras, Revolutionary Party of Central American Workers, South Georgia and the South Sandwich Islands, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Politics_of_Honduras&oldid=992787784, Articles with dead external links from June 2020, Articles with permanently dead external links, Articles with dead external links from July 2017, Articles with dead external links from September 2010, Wikipedia articles scheduled for update tagging, All articles with specifically marked weasel-worded phrases, Articles with specifically marked weasel-worded phrases from August 2017, All articles with vague or ambiguous time, Articles lacking reliable references from December 2017, Articles with unsourced statements from August 2017, Articles with unsourced statements from December 2017, Articles with specifically marked weasel-worded phrases from December 2017, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, Patriotic Alliance Party of Honduras ("partido alianza Patriótica" ) founded in 2017, Agency for the Prohibition of Nuclear Weapons in Latin America and the Caribbean (, United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization, This page was last edited on 7 December 2020, at 02:39. For administrative purposes, Honduras is divided into 18 departments, with departmental and municipal officials selected for four-year terms. Their[who?] Since the last survey in 2017, the percentage of Hondurans who believe the president is involved in acts of corruption has increased from 50 per cent to 65 per cent; and the number of Hondurans that believe the government is handling the figh… The President of Honduras is both head of state and head of government. desperation resulted in a "declaration of war" against the government, and three major events over the last few years brought this tiny country to the attention of the world media: a massacre of 68 prisoners at the prison farm just outside La Ceiba on 5 March 2003, a fire in the prison at San Pedro Sula that killed 107 prisoners on 18 May 2004, and the massacre of 27 innocent men, women and children in San Pedro Sula, on 23 December 2004. Deportees brought the two main gangs in Honduras, MS-13 and the 18th Street gang. Some of the main political pressure groups are the Committee for the Defense of Human Rights in Honduras (CODEH); Confederation of Honduran Workers (CTH); Coordinating Committee of Popular Organizations or CCOP; General Workers Confederation or CGT; Honduran Council of Private Enterprise (COHEP); National Association of Honduran Campesinos or ANACH; National Union of Campesinos or UNC; United Federation of Honduran Workers or FUTH, Ouster of President Zelaya on June 28, 2009, See a timeline of Honduran political history including events affecting same at. A supporter of Libre Alliance presidential candidate Salvador Nasralla wears a mask and holds a party banner during a protest march claiming electoral fraud, in Tegucigalpa, Honduras… Tuesday, August 1, 2017. During the 2013 election, which many in Honduras believe Mr. Hernández and his party similarly stole from Libre candidate Xiomara Castro (Mr. Zelaya’s wife), at least 18 Libre party … The Liberal Party of Hondurasis a centre-left liberal political party in Honduras that was founded in 1891. This changed dramatically with a coup d’état in 2009, which was widely condemned by the international community. ) Most of the crime in Honduras takes place in the big cities of Tegucigalpa and San Pedro Sula. On June 28 Honduran soldiers entered the presidential palace and arrested Zelaya, preempting the poll. Nasralla is a former Pepsi-Cola executive and television personality, and gathers support from several parties. Legislative power is vested in the National Congress of Honduras. The reforms would move the date of the presidential primaries ahead from February 2009 to November 2008, change the location of vote-counting from a central one to the individual municipalities, and radically increase public funding of political parties, from about US$3.2 million every election cycle to about US$52 million every election cycle.. Revolutionary Democratic Party of Honduras, National Unified Leadership of the Honduran Revolutionary Movement, People's Liberation Movement-Chinchoneros, Revolutionary Party of Central American Workers, Revolutionary Popular Forces Lorenzo Zelaya, South Georgia and the South Sandwich Islands, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=List_of_political_parties_in_Honduras&oldid=977310987, Lists of political parties in Central America, Short description is different from Wikidata, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, This page was last edited on 8 September 2020, at 04:00. Another organ similarly independent of the three main branches of government a Special Court for Resolution of Conflicts Between Branches of Government. Tweet. A Presidential and general election was held on November 27, 2005. Honduras’ party system began eroding with the election of Manuel Zelaya to the presidency (2006-2009), marking the beginning of the decline of the Liberal Party. Allegations of human rights abuses, and summary executions by police—especially of street gangs—have diminished steadily in recent years up to the present (2009), while political violence has been a constant. On 20 December 2007, the National Congress, at the urging of the leaders of both of the dominant parties, passed a set of electoral reforms. Porfirio Pepe Lobo became the PNH candidate. 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