mini cooper clubman wiki

It was even more popular in Japan, which took the lion's share of the circa 40,000 Minis produced annually in the early 1990s. The wheelbase of the Elf and Hornet remained at 2.036 m (6.68 ft), whereas the overall length was increased to 3.27 m (10.7 ft). It also featured a standard-fit close-ratio gearbox, and initially had 10-inch (25.4 cm) Rostyle wheels covering the 7.5inch (19.05 cm) Cooper S type disc brakes, and a boot board; both were dropped in 1974. Once again, it featured the long-running 1275-cc engine which had featured on the original Mini Cooper, as well as on numerous other BMC/BL/ARG models. On early cars, the number plate was hinged at the top so that it could swing down to remain visible when the boot lid was open. Cars could be assembled with minimal use of jigs as the external seams made the panels largely 'self-aligning'. [53] Issigonis later said that he had sized the bins to carry the ingredients of his favourite drink, a dry martini[24] in the correct proportions (one bottle of vermouth and 2 of Gordon's Gin). The "Kangaroo" name was supposedly coined because it is claimed that a kangaroo can go all day without drinking which the advertisers used to emphasise the frugal fuel consumption and, possibly, larger fuel tank. [57] The Moke was marketed in holiday locations such as Barbados and Macau, where they were also used as police cars. Also for: Cooper s all4 clubman, Cooper all4 clubman, John cooper works clubman, Cooper s clubman, Cooper s countryman, Cooper countryman, Cooper s all4 countryman, Cooper … Small items could also be stowed under the rear seats, and early Minis were sold with optional wicker baskets specially shaped to slot under the seats. "magic wand" type. The Mini was designed as a monocoque shell with welded seams visible on the outside of the car running down the A and C pillars, and between the body and the floor pan. Although the Metro did not replace the Mini, production figures for the Mini dipped during the 1980s, and interest in the design was not revived until the reintroduction of the Mini Cooper in 1990. The fully independent suspension the rubber cones provided was almost unheard of in low-cost cars of the time. The producer, Facorca, intended to sell the car in the Caribbean and Central America, and also had plans for Brazilian assembly.[52]. As with the Van, the Pick-up had stamped metal slots for airflow into the engine compartment. Built into the subframes, the rubber cone system gave a raw and bumpy ride accentuated by the woven-webbing seats, but the rigidity of the rubber cones, together with the wheels' positioning at the corners of the car, gave the Mini go kart-like handling. [39], The Cooper S version was also used by some British police departments as a plainclothes car. [52] It was seen there as a retro-cool icon, and inspired many imitators. Just like him. Innocenti in Italy, however, continued making their own version of the Mini Cooper for some time. The gear selecting mechanism was updated to the rod type, as seen on all later Mini type cars. Sliding windows allowed single-skin doors to be fitted, improving elbow room and reducing costs. Once you’re behind the wheel, the new MINI Clubman opens more doors to exciting new horizons. September 1968: Manual four speed gear box with synchromesh on all four forward ratios introduced. The Cooper S also had some success in the European Touring Car Championship, winning in 1964 and 1968, the Guia Race of Macau (a 1-2-3 finish in 1965, a 1–2 finish in 1970 and a win in 1972), and the Australian Touring Car Championship, winning its class in 1962, 1963, 1964, 1966, 1967 and 1968. The team that designed the Mini was remarkably small; in addition to Issigonis, Jack Daniels (who had worked with him on the Morris Minor), Chris Kingham (who had been with him at Alvis), two engineering students, and four draughtsmen worked on the project. The fixed rear parcel shelf contributed to the rigidity of the body shell, although it did preclude fitting the ADO15 with a hatchback. Within these was a series of variations, including an estate car, a pick-up truck, a van, and the Mini Moke, a jeep-like buggy. The ERA Mini Turbo was particularly popular with Japanese buyers. Passenger-side sun visor, seat belts, laminated windscreen, tilt tubes and cover were also available at extra cost. Low purchase and running costs also made the Mini continually popular as a first car for younger drivers, and Austin-Rover introduced a steady stream of limited editions with bright paint colours, body graphics, and trim to appeal to this market. March 1969: Launch of the Morris Mini K an Australian-only model manufactured in the Australian British Motor Corporation factory at Zetland NSW using 80% local content, August 1969: Riley Elf and Wolseley Hornet variants discontinued. Leonard Lord, the somewhat autocratic head of BMC, reportedly detested these cars so much that he vowed to rid the streets of them and design a 'proper miniature car'. It proved popular and a new Cooper-marked Mini went into full production in late 1991. This page was last edited on 11 December 2020, at 11:44. [84] As of 2014, classic Minis are still raced, with other one make races in the UK,[85][86] Europe[87] and Asia,[88] and in classic events such as the Goodwood Members Meeting. The Chilean market was never very large and the hyperinflation and political and social collapse led to the 1973 coup. These included models that were created to commemorate racing victories or to celebrate an anniversary of the Mini marque. The Mini was still popular in Britain, but appeared increasingly outdated in the face of newer and more practical rivals. Mini Leyland came 4th place in the under-2-litre category in the 1966, 1967 and 1969 Trans-Am seasons, improving to 3rd in 1970. For 2011, The Cooper S, Cooper JCW and Cooper Convertible are getting a mid-cycle facelift to bring it into line with the design language of the newly released Mini Countryman. Mini ist sowohl die Bezeichnung für die einzelnen Modelle als auch der Name des Hauptmodells. They had assessed the mechanically interconnected Citroën 2CV suspension at that time (according to an interview by Moulton with Car Magazine in the late 1990s),[citation needed] which inspired the design of the hydrolastic suspension system for the Mini and Morris/Austin 1100, to try to keep the benefits of the 2CV system (ride comfort, body levelling, keeping the roadwheel under good control and the tyres in contact with the road), but with added roll stiffness that the 2CV lacked. In 1971, the 1,275 cc Mini Cooper S was discontinued in the UK, leaving the Mini 1275 GT as the only sporting Mini on sale for the rest of the decade. The Se7ens is the UK's longest running one make motor racing championship, having been introduced in 1966. This location saved vehicle length, but had the disadvantage of feeding the radiator with air that had been heated by passing over the engine. At its peak, the Mini was a strong seller in most of the countries where it was sold, with the United Kingdom inevitably receiving the highest volumes. Initially, an interconnected fluid system was planned, similar to the one that Alec Issigonis and Alex Moulton were working on in the mid-1950s at Alvis. Its handsome sheetmetal shows off 1960s-era styling that will have you thinking of Twiggy and Beatlemania, and its cabin features premium materials and quirky, fun design elements. [109] The Mini, challenged by increasingly demanding European safety and pollution standards, was planned by British Aerospace to be taken out of production in 1996, but BMW chose to invest to keep the Mini legal until the launch of a new model. The Mini Van was a commercial panel van (in US English, a sedan delivery) rated at ¼-ton load capacity. Mini Hatch, the new model made by BMW, is technically unrelated to the old car but retains the classic transverse four-cylinder, front-wheel-drive configuration and "bulldog" stance of the original. [94], The highest price ever paid for a Mini was at a Bonhams auction in 2007, when a works rally-prepared Mini (DJB 93B) sold for £100,500 ($196,980).[95]. [32] Another early example from 1959 is on display at the National Motor Museum in Hampshire.[33]. It also exposed the entire ignition system to the direct entry of rainwater through the grille. The Arica plant was closed in 1974. Although the Mini continued to be produced after the Metro's launch, production volumes were reduced as British Leyland and its successor Rover Group concentrated on the Metro as its key supermini. Na série de humor Mr. Bean, o protagonista frequentemente se envolve em alguma confusão com seu Mini amarelo. The Cooper name was discontinued from the UK Mini range at this time. [37] Ford purchased a Mini and dismantled it to see if they could offer an alternative. The cars had larger-diameter chrome hubcaps than the Austin and Morris Minis, and additional chrome accents, bumper overriders and wood-veneer dashboards. Mini Clubman Swiss diplomatic plate (Turkey) (27044118798).jpg 3,709 × 2,809; 1.39 MB The Mini Clubman was intended to replace the upmarket Riley and Wolseley versions. The Mini also achieved class wins at the 1963 Armstrong 500, repeating this feat every year until 1969, and having class wins at the 1964, 1965 and 1971 Sandown 250, and Six Hour Le Mans in 1963, 1964, 1965, 1966, 1967, 1968, 1969, 1970 and 1972, as well as the 1971 Phillip Island 500K. Together, by July 1957, they had designed and built the original XC9003 prototype, which was affectionately named the "Orange Box" because of its colour. Released in 1961 as more luxurious versions of the Mini, both the Wolseley Hornet and the Riley Elf had longer, slightly finned rear wings and larger boots that gave the cars a more conventional three-box design. It is the iconic MINI for connoisseurs and aficionados. Australian Clubman saloons were marketed under the Morris Mini Clubman name when introduced in August 1971,[71] and as the Leyland Mini, without the Clubman name, from February 1973.[5]. Performance of the 1275GT was lively for the time, achieving 0–60 mph (97 km/h) in 12.9 seconds, and the excellent mid-range torque offered a 30–50 mph (48–80 km/h) time in top gear of only nine seconds. `` Super '' designations discontinued on active safety British consortium ; and Land was. Mini Van was a commercial panel Van ( in US English, a district of Milan 2013 £1400. In addition to the Mini was modified during its production to improve its safety complete kits... Were not part of British Motor Corporation ( BMC ) e seus,... 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