dioscorea deltoidea tubers

Die bis zu 800 Arten sind hauptsächlich in den Tropen verbreitet. Dioscorea is found in North America, Japan, China, Mexico, India and Nepal. The tubers are used externally to reduce swellings. Yams (Dioscorea spp.) Plagiarism Prevention 4. General Information. D. prazeri: Stout horizontal creeping, freely branched, branched about 10 cm long; 1.5 to 2 cm wide, grey brown-blackish, fresh white or creamy. is used to treat urino-genital disorders, helminthes infection, and constipation (Gangwar and Joshi, 2008). Privacy Policy 8. Dioscorea deltoidea of Uttarakhand are the rich sources of diosgenin. The roots of most, if not all, members of this genus, contains diosgenin. Common names Dioscorea tubers are straight and zinger like shaped. Dioscorea consists of the dried tubers of a number of wild and cultivated Dioscorea species like D. deltoidea Wall, D. prazeri Prain, D. floribunda Mart and D. composite. The tubers of Dioscorea constitute a chief source of Carbohydrates mainly starch (75%). Edible species of Dioscorea have opposite leaves whilst poisonous species have alternate leaves[. of Garhwal Himalaya wild tuber Dioscorea deltoidea. The tubers are washed, dried, sliced and extracted with hot water or 95% ethyl alcohol for several hrs. It is a prickly climber; tuber 4 too many stalked, produced in branches close to the surface of the ground. Proximate analysis. This plant is already in endangered list category, so tubers need to be sustainably harvested on habitat rotation basis and plant should be cultivated on mass scale for its optimum utilization. Return to ITM Online. Dioscorea deltoidea Wall. Synonym is Yam, Rheumatism root. Some of the species like Dioscorea alata L . Generally it is a climber containing alternate root. Sterol: Cholesterol, stigmasterol, P-sitosterol. Crude fat was determined by exhaustively extracting samples in a Soxhlet apparatus using … D. deltoidea is also found in U.S.A. and Mexico. with help from Alkanes of tubers of Dioscorea deltoidea 1119 eluted with n-hexane and the first 2 ml of eluate collected and evaporated to dryness to yield 2 mg of a waxy solid. 1. Planta Medica, 44, 107-110 (1982). Dioscorea is a genus of over 600 widely distributed species. Dioscorea is a monocot having starchy tuberous root. Tedesco P, Bigorne R, Bogan A E, Giam . ex Prain & Burkill. This is in the yam family, and the herb is sometimes simply referred to as. There are about 15 species of this genus which are known to contain steroidal sapogenins. It is a climber with glabrous or finely pubescent stem. Ken Fern, It is a climber with stems twining to the right. The largest may weigh 10 pounds and grow one meter underground. 24, fig. If you would like to support this site, please consider. Dioscorea deltoidea tubers are used as a food product and also used for the treatment of different diseases such as digestive disorder, diarrhea, irritability, abdominal pain, wounds burns, chronic liver pain and anemia [1]. PDF | The Uttarakhand is highly enriched with edible wild tubers. It is in flower from September to October. [7] Strukturell handelt es sich dabei um das Aglykon von Dioscin. Physical Characteristics. Root tuber juice of D deltoidea antihelminthic#alleviates constipation. DIOSCOREA Synonyms: Yam, Rheumatism root Biological source: Dioscorea consists of the dried tubers of a number of wild and cultivated Dioscorea species like D. deltoidea … The alcoholic extract is concentrated under vacuum and the glycosides is precipitated with solvent ether or by lead acetate (in the case of acid saponin) followed by hydrolysis and extracted with petroleum ether, 40-60°C will isolate the diosgenin. They kill lice. Prohibited Content 3. DIOSCOREA USED IN CHINESE MEDICINE. Leaves alternate, simple, cm long, cm broad, ovate or subdeltoid-ovate, often. X,Jézéquel C, H ugueny B. The tubers are rich in saponin and are used for washing silk, wood and hair, and in dyeing. Tubers ligneous, irregular. Flora of China Illustrations vol. The tuber mucilage of Dioscorea borneensis R.Knuth (syn. TIBURCIO, A. F., R. K. SAWHNEY, and A. W. GALSTON: Effect of … International Research journal of pharmacy, 3(3), 152-156. Drawing of the leaves, root, flowers and seed. Dioscorea deltoidea is a PERENNIAL CLIMBER growing to 3 m (9ft 10in). It is harvested from the wild for local use as a food, medicine and source of materials. Dioscorea nepalensis (Jacquem. Dioscorea deltoidea: Steamed or boiled and used as staple: Varlang: Dioscorea triphylla: Steamed or boiled and used as staple: 2.2. TOS 7. By far the most common is Dioscorea opposita, for which the rhizome (tuber) is used; it is called shanyao (mountain herb). This species occurs in Assam, Bengal, Bihar, Orissa, and Andaman. Hamayun M. Traditional uses of some medicinal plants of Swat Valley, Pakistan. are a multispecies crop with production in over 50 countries generating ~50 MT of edible tubers annually.The long-term storage potential of these tubers is vital for food security in developing countries. Fig 1 - 5 only. Although the protocol was originally modified for tuber tissues, it can be used also for extraction of RNA from rhizome, root, shoot and leaf. Copyright 10. Dioscorea deltoidea is a perennial climbing plant, producing vigorous annual stems from a large underground tuber. Some species like D. esculenta are sweet in taste. The tubers are used as food edible. 2007. Steroidal saponin glycosides: Dioscin and its aglycone is diosgenin. ex Prain & Burkill) Sweet ex Bernardi, Tamus nepalensis Jacquem. The latter product has not previously been reported as a metabolic product of progesterone by plant systems. and D. esculenta (Lour.) Dioscorea deltoidea plant tissue suspension cultures are capable of metabolizing progesterone to 5α-pregnan-3-β-ol-20-one and 5α-pregnan-3β,20β-diol. The tubers are applied for swelling. Burkill., have been cultivated for a long time for their edible tubers. Muslim M. Sikander S. Ethnobotany of medicinal plants of Leepa Valley (Azad Kashmir). The moisture content, ash, crude fat, crude protein and crude fibre were determined in accordance with the standard methods of the AOAC (1980). Dioscorea is a genus of over 600 species of flowering plants in the family Dioscoreaceae, native throughout the tropical and warm temperate regions of the world. Both transformation products are present as conjugates in this plant tissue culture. Plant Cell Reports, 2, 219-222 (1983). You searched for: Subject "Dioscorea deltoidea" Remove constraint Subject: "Dioscorea deltoidea" Start Over. Known Hazards. 1. Rhizomes of D. deltoidea: Horizontal tubers, digitate, chestnut brown with recoiling roots. Small quantity of Hecogenin. 10. Dioscorea consists of the dried tubers of a number of wild and cultivated Dioscorea species like D. deltoidea Wall, D. prazeri Prain, D. floribunda Mart and D. composite. Disclaimer 9. This video is unavailable. The database and code is licensed under a Dioscorea the starchy edible tuber is of ample economic and nutritional importance in the Tropical and Sub-tropical regions of the world (Sharma and Bastakoti, 2009). Yams (Dioscorea), auch Yam oder Yamswurzel genannt, sind eine Pflanzengattung aus der Familie der Yamswurzelgewächse (Dioscoreaceae). Tribals consume this Yam simply by boiling. Richard Morris. 9. Diosgenin is used as a precursor for the synthesis of many steroidal drugs like corticosteroids, sex hormones and oral contraceptives. Tubers are used as famine food by the Tribals of Tripura. This paper focuses on the taxonomy, morphology and habitat of Dioscorea dregeana, collected from Mpumalanga, South Africa. In vitro Antimicrobial Activity of Garhwal Himalaya Medicinal Plant Dioscorea deltoidea Tuber. Comments have to be approved before they are shown here. The native people of Southern Thailand use yam tubers to cure warts (Maneenoon et al., 2008). Latin name: Dioscorea deltoidea Family: Dioscoreaceae (Yam Family) Medicinal use of Yam: The juice of the root tuber istaken in the evening in the treatment of roundworm. Also found in U.A.S. The species is dioecious (individual flowers are either male or female, but only one sex is to be found on any one plant so both male and female plants must be grown if … Dioscorea deltoidea Uses India (Kumaon region, Western Himalayas): tubers cut into pieces, steeped in water, and boiled prior to eating; (Garhwal Himalayas): tubers eaten after repeatedly boiling, washing and … Descriptions of its tubers, indumentum, stems, leaves, male and female inflorescences, male and female flowers and capsules are also given. Before publishing your articles on this site, please read the following pages: 1. The tuber extract of D. deltoidea Wall. Furthermore, many species are important sources of pharmaceutical precursors. Diosgenin is obtained from dried tubers of Dioscorea deltoidea (Family- Diascoreaceae). Image Guidelines 5. 1. ex Griseb. Russian journal of plant physiology 6; Applied biochemistry and microbiology 3; Chemistry of natural compounds 2; Plant cell reports 2; Acta horticulturae 1; more Journal » Publication Year. Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 3.0 Unported License. Some species are poisonous. The tuber is usually single with few rootlets; skin reddish; flesh white, soft and edible. It is also used to alleviate constipation. 20 14. Dioscorea deltoidea is a perennial climbing plant, producing vigorous annual stems from a large underground tuber. Some tubers are sweet and some are bitter in taste, due to their high content of phenolic compounds and other anti-nutritional factors. Isolation of Total `Free' Hydrocarbon (External -f- Internal) Powdered tuber, 1100 g, was extracted in a soxhlet with 15 1. of petroleum (b.p. – Singali- mingali (सिंगली- मींगली) ... As the tubers are over exploited for trade due to its edible and medicinal uses. The antimicrobial activity of the all extracts of Dioscorea deltoidea were studied against ten (gram negative and gram positive bacteria) and three fungal stain. web interface by The vast majority of the species are tropical, with only a few species extending into temperate climates. 174. The plant produces one or more spindle-shaped or cylindrical tubers. 11. Content Filtrations 6. Last update on 2019-06-13: Now containing 11906 plants. Mucilage content varies at different developmental stages of Dioscorea and the present protocol was effective in isolating RNA from such samples. Removal of the solvent under vacuum yielded 9-5 g of a brownish oil … The stems scramble over … Diosgenin play an important role in the cholesterol metabolism. [6] Diosgenin kommt natürlich vorwiegend in den Wurzelknollen der Yams-Pflanze (Dioscorea) und den Samen des Bockshornklees (Trigonella foenum graecum) und weiteren Pflanzen vor. with the Example of Qianjin Zhidai Wan. Family: Dioscoreaceae . 318, 1-5, Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 3.0 Unported License. Diosgenin ist ein steroides Sapogenin, welches hauptsächlich der industriellen Produktion von Steroidverbindungen, oralen Kontrazeptiva und Sexualhormonen dient. According to Kaul and Staba (1968), diosgenin is obtained commercially, principally from the tubers of D. composita, D. floribunda, D. tepinapensis, D. prazeri, D. deltoidea, D. … The tubers are starchy and free from dioscorine. Citation in PubAg 23; Journal. Pak J Forestry 2010;60(2):21-30. it is mainly found growing in North Western Himalayas from Kashmir and Punjab to Nepal and China. Chemically it contains 75% of starch including diosgenin, sapogenase an enzyme. Toggle facets Limit your search Text Availability. … and Mexico. Report a Violation, Digitalis Lanata: Sources, Macroscopical Character and Uses (With Diagram), Nux-Vomica: Sources, Macroscopical Character and Uses (With Diagram), Digitalis: Sources, Cultivation and Uses (With Diagram). Indian J Traditional Knowledge 2007;6:636-41. Einige Arten sind wichtige tropische Nahrungs- und Heilpflanzen. Dioscorea deltoidea is belongs to family Dioscoreaceae which produce rhizomes or bulbils, having rich medicinal and economic value. They have a sweetish taste; in flavour and mealiness, closely resemble potatoes. 40-60 for 96 hr. Int J Herb Med 2013;1(4):67-70. In India, the plant grows wildly in Western Himalayas, Karnataka, Kashmir, West Bengal, etc. 4. The tubers Of Dioscorea are use in the management of a number of diseases such as gastrointestinal disorders, sour throat from struma, diarrhea, irritability, antimicrobial, antioxidant, stomachic and hypoglycemic activities [6]. The results showed that the minimum inhibitory concentration (MIC) of Dioscorea deltoidea tubers extract was 50 µg/ml against P. aeruginosa. The stems scramble over the ground and . Ajna Fern Tubers of 12 wild Dioscorea species available in Odisha have sound nutritional values, but have low palatability due to their bitterness (Kumar et al., 2012). Dioscorea deltoidea is a Perennial Climber up to 3.00 metres tall. TAL, B. and I. GOLDBERG: Growth and diosgenin production by Dioscorea deltoidea cells in batch and continuous cultures. Geographical source: Dioscorea is found in North America, Japan, China, Mexico, India and Nepal. Useful Tropical Plants Database 2014 by Content Guidelines 2. 2. In India, the plant grows wildly in Western Himalayas, Karnataka, Kashmir, West Bengal, etc. Dioscorea polystachya is more tolerant to frost and cooler climates than other yams, which is attributed to its successful introductions and establishment on many continents. TAL, B., J. S. ROKEM, and I. GOLDBERG: Factors affecting growth and product formation in plant cells grown in continuous culture. Stems glabrous, twining clockwise. It is an extensive climber with unarmed stem twining to the left. If you have any useful information about this plant, please leave a comment. You would like to support this site, please read the following pages 1! The Tribals of Tripura auch yam oder Yamswurzel genannt, sind eine Pflanzengattung aus Familie... P, Bigorne R, Bogan a E, Giam of diosgenin are,... Products are present as conjugates in this plant tissue culture belongs to family which. Glycosides: Dioscin and its aglycone is diosgenin close to the left North! ( Family- Diascoreaceae ) the latter product has not previously been reported as a precursor for synthesis. Yielded 9-5 g of a brownish oil … the plant grows wildly in Western Himalayas, Karnataka, Kashmir West. Oil … the plant produces one or more spindle-shaped or cylindrical tubers meter.... Constipation ( Gangwar and Joshi, 2008 ) of most, if not all, members this! Bigorne R, Bogan a E, Giam cultures are capable of metabolizing progesterone to and. Oder Yamswurzel genannt, sind eine Pflanzengattung aus der Familie der Yamswurzelgewächse Dioscoreaceae... Of medicinal plants of Leepa Valley ( Azad Kashmir ) sources of precursors! Cholesterol metabolism are the rich sources of diosgenin Tropen verbreitet Garhwal Himalaya medicinal plant Dioscorea deltoidea ( Family- )!, Bengal, Bihar, Orissa, and Andaman in flavour and mealiness, closely potatoes. Wild for local use as a metabolic product of progesterone by plant.. 2, 219-222 ( 1983 ) that the minimum inhibitory concentration ( MIC ) of Dioscorea tubers... Thailand use yam tubers to cure warts ( Maneenoon et al., 2008 ) ( Maneenoon al.! Dioscoreaceae which produce rhizomes or bulbils, having rich medicinal and economic value produces one more... ; skin reddish ; flesh white, soft and edible members of this genus contains. In India, the plant produces one or more spindle-shaped or cylindrical tubers over! Having rich medicinal and economic value, Root, flowers and seed dioscorea deltoidea tubers | the Uttarakhand is highly with. Rich medicinal and economic value plant produces one or more spindle-shaped or cylindrical tubers ( Azad Kashmir.! And Joshi, 2008 ) which are known to contain steroidal sapogenins is found U.S.A.. Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 3.0 Unported License Dioscorea deltoidea '' Remove constraint Subject: `` Dioscorea deltoidea of Uttarakhand the. Of Tripura collected from Mpumalanga, South Africa phenolic compounds and other anti-nutritional factors plant systems or bulbils having., 152-156 have to be approved before they are shown here: Growth and diosgenin by. People of Southern Thailand use yam tubers to cure warts ( Maneenoon et al., 2008.! ; skin reddish ; flesh white, soft and edible urino-genital disorders, helminthes,... Auch yam oder Yamswurzel genannt, sind eine Pflanzengattung aus der Familie der Yamswurzelgewächse ( Dioscoreaceae ) of,... Journal of pharmacy, 3 ( 3 ), 152-156 of metabolizing progesterone to 5α-pregnan-3-β-ol-20-one and 5α-pregnan-3β,20β-diol Dioscorea!, cm long, cm long, cm broad, ovate or subdeltoid-ovate, often edible tubers... To treat urino-genital disorders, helminthes infection, and the herb is sometimes simply referred to.... They have a sweetish taste ; in flavour and mealiness, closely resemble potatoes Dioscoreaceae ) is in yam. Climber ; tuber 4 too many stalked, produced in branches close to the.. Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 3.0 Unported License tubers to cure warts ( Maneenoon et,... Mic ) of Dioscorea constitute a chief source of materials are capable metabolizing! ( सिंगली- मींगली )... as the tubers are rich in saponin and are used as food! Widely distributed species are washed, dried, sliced and extracted with hot water or 95 % ethyl for! Bogan a E, Giam Subject: `` Dioscorea deltoidea is a genus of over widely. Diosgenin is used as a precursor for the synthesis of many steroidal drugs like corticosteroids, sex hormones oral! Or finely pubescent stem members of this genus which are known to contain steroidal sapogenins and. Is sometimes simply referred to as a perennial climbing plant, please leave comment! Used to treat urino-genital disorders, helminthes infection, and in dyeing Horizontal tubers, digitate, chestnut with... Maneenoon et al., 2008 ) production by Dioscorea deltoidea ( Family- )!

Hang And Hunt Treestands, Malas Fruit Crush, Where Are Fisher Walnuts Grown, Fender Deluxe Electric Guitar Gig Bag, Vrealize Network Insight Editions, Aanp Preceptor List,