list of environmental problems and solutions in the philippines

Conclusion : Environmental Issues in the Philippines The Philippines is prone to natural disasters, particularly typhoons, floods, landslides, volcanic eruptions, earthquakes, and tsunamis, lying as it does astride the typhoon belt, in the active volcanic region known as the "Pacific Ring of Fire," and in the geologically unstable region between the Pacific and Eurasian tectonic plates. [21], Climate change and global warming and the rising amounts of CO2 in the atmosphere has contributed to ocean warming and ocean acidification. Pollution is increasingly a concern. [25] Leaving over 6,300 dead, 28,688 injured, and 1062 missing, Typhoon Haiyan is the deadliest typhoon on record in the Philippines. [31] The two most important crops, rice and corn, account for 67% of the land under cultivation and stand to see reduced yields from heat and water stress. Other environmental problems that the country is facing include pollution, illegal mining and logging, deforestation, dynamite fishing, landslides, coastal erosion, wildlife extinction, global warming and climate change. [17] According to Metro Manila Development Authority (MMDA), the country produces an average of 41 ktons of garbage daily with almost 10 ktons/day coming from Metro Manila alone. Ermita is Manila's most air polluted district due to open dump sites and industrial waste. [21] There will be more power outages on average in addition to an increased demand for power, specifically cooling. Power plant operators are looking for less expensive solutions to the problem. That is actually the start of some environmental problems too. [28][29] According to the NDRRMC, the storm cost the Philippines about 3.64 billion US dollars.[29]. A giant storm would wreak havoc on these informal settlements and cause the deaths and displacement of millions of people who inhabit 25 different coastline cities. [33] Spanish colonial rule from the 1500s to 1898, America's annexation from 1898 to 1946, Japanese occupation and bombing during World War ll, Ferdinand Marcos' authoritarian regime from 1965 till 1986, and more have all contributed to an urban development focused on globalization, market oriented development, privatization, and decentralization. 6 years ago. [21] Additionally, climate change will continue to increase the intensity of typhoons and tropical storms. The solution is to seek help for the government official to help in constructing classrooms for the students not from campaign rights. [30] Combined with sea level rise, this stratification into more extreme seasons and climates increases the frequency and severity of storm surge, floods, landslides, and droughts. Following are some of the most common solutions to the environmental issue: Replace disposal items with reusable items. [1] In March 2008, Manila Water announced that a wastewater treatment plant will be constructed in Taguig. The Filipinos love politics so much that every political gathering, especially if done during … The increasing number of intense droughts are reducing water levels and river flows and thus creating a shortage in water. Upon signing the 1992 Earth Summit,[41] the government of Philippines has been constantly looking into many different initiatives to improve the environmental aspects of the country. Improper waste disposal would top the list. The primary crops are palay (rice), corn, sugar cane, fruit, root crops, vegetables and trees (for rubber). the environment and insistent that offenders of environmental laws be held accountable, the Philippine environmental laws and government regulations are in place with the intent of protecting the environment and aid people from all walks of life in their pursuit to a balance and healthful ecology. The agriculture sector employs 35% of the working population and generated 13% of the country's GDP in 2009. Equally important, natural capital provides energy, water, flood control, storm mitigation and other environmental services that benefit the entire [33] Several factors and governments in the history of the Philippines has contributed to a large focus on urban development and its connection to "globalized systems of material production and consumption. Palace says mayors protecting illegal mining, logging ops 'will have blood in your hands' ABS-CBN News Posted at Nov 24 03:17 PM. The accumulation of harmful substances on the ground, water and air causes pollution. [21] Increases in extreme weather events will have devastating affects on agriculture. Philippines’ economy largely depends on the re… [21] These natural disasters will also cause millions of dollars in damages to urban infrastructure like bridges and roads. These exacerbate risks to agriculture, energy, water, infrastructure, human health, and coastal ecosystems. Many companies face pressure about their contribution to sprawl, yet all humans are guilty of contributing to this problem. Perhaps more extreme weather events such as droughts, wildfires, heat waves and flooding will convince the public to put more pressure on policymakers to ac… In January 2015, out of the 62.87 million Filipinos in the age group of 15 years and above, the labor force comprised 40.11 million. Located in Southeast Asia, the Republic of the Philippines comprises 7,107 islands. 9.Deforestation—Every company that uses wood, paper or even cardboard packaging has some stake in, and responsibility for, the state of our forests, both public and private. A good ESL teacher must be able to recognize these common problems, and work to find solutions. A horrendous 40 percent of the harvestable lumber never left the forests but, having been damaged in the logging, rotted or was burned in place. The list of environmental problems and solutions presented in this write-up should throw some light on how do we go about the conservation of natural resources. Since sludge treatment and disposal facilities are rare, most effluents are discharged without treatment. Environmental issues caused by man-made chemicals are becoming clearer. By continuing we’ll assume you’re on board with our cookie policy. If the temperature keeps increasing at such a rate, then slowly t… Future projections for the current trajectory of climate change predict that global warming is likely to exceed 3degrees Celsius, potentially 4degrees, by 2060. 6.Air Pollution—Significant air-quality controls on factories, cars and other emissions sources have radically reduced air pollution levels over the past 30 years in the United States, Japan and Europe. This has resulted in the depletion of glaciers which in turn are responsible for the increasing sea level. They then photodissociate to give atomi… WATCH IN HD! For example, there has been a 90% reduction in the Monarch butterfly population in the United States that can be linked to weed killers that contain glyphosate. [1] Only one third of Philippine river systems are considered suitable for public water supply. [29] More than 16 million people were affected by the storm, suffering from the storm surge, flash floods, landslides, and extreme winds and rainfall that took lives, destroyed homes, and devastated many. ", Chandra, Alvin, et al. ADVERTISEMENTS: Some of the major environmental problems are as follows: 1. Overview of the environmental issues in the Philippines, Agricultural production and civil conflict. [21] Droughts and reduced rainfall leads to increased pest infestations that damage crops as well as an increased need for irrigation. [21] Rising sea levels increases salinity which leads to a loss of arable land and irrigation water. [27] Sea levels around the Philippines are projected to rise 0.48 to 0.65 meters by 2100, which exceeds the global average for rates of sea level rise. [21] From 2006 to 2013, the Philippines experienced a total of 75 disasters that cost the agricultural sector $3.8 billion in loss and damages. [16] Annually, the air pollution causes more than 4,000 deaths. Being a country that lies in the Pacific Ring of Fire, it is prone to earthquakes and volcanic eruptions. Indeed, the environment has become such an But due to the increasing percentage of greenhouse gases, the temperature of the earth is increasing day by day. [10] Illegal logging occurs in the Philippines [11] and intensify flood damage in some areas.[12]. Global warming is directly connected to the percentage of CO2present in the earth’s atmosphere. 1 0. The unsurprising result of these and related policies is that out of 17 million hectares of closed forests that flourished early in the century only 1.2 million remain today. Agriculture is one of the Philippines’ largest sectors and will continue to be adversely impacted by the effects of climate change. Desertification 3. POLLUTION DEFORESTATION DESERTIFICATION EXTINCTION OF ANIMALS HABITAT LOSS 4. The ozone envelope around the Earth is depleting in volume, since the 1980s. [6] According to the Asian Development Bank, the Pasig River is one of the world's most polluted rivers, running through the capital city of Manila. For example, in addition to being one of the world's most vulnerable cities to climate change due to geographical location, Manila has also been shaped by globalization and abides by many tenants of neoliberal urbanism, including "a strong focus on private sector led development, attracting global capital, market oriented policies and decentralization".These cities experience challenges to their own climate resilience due to this double exposure to climate change and globalization, where many cities are most at risk to climate events in addition to having a large percentage of the population live in informal settlements with weak infrastructure.Four million people, or about a third of Manila's population, lives in informal settlements which puts them at higher risk and danger from tropical storms and flooding, and they often have fewer resources available to recover from damages caused by environmental hazards. 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