how did mary phagan die

However, it came out that Annie Maude Carter, Conley’s girlfriend at the time, claimed Conley told … Panicked, Leo strangled Mary to death to prevent her from telling anyone. Alonzo asked his parents, who advised him to keep it to himself, which he did for 69 years. He was the last person to acknowledge having seen Phagan alive. On the floor, amongst the filth of the rarely used basement, Newt discovered the dead body of little Mary Phagan. They released Newt for the same reason. The family found themselves in dire straits and moved to Bellwood, a suburb of Atlanta, Georgia. Within days of the commutation, 75 men calling themselves Knights of Mary Phagan met at the girl's grave in Marietta, Ga., north of Atlanta, and vowed to avenge her death. Despite what might happen, he immediately told the police. Leo asked, “Did the night watchman call up and report anything to you?”, Detective Black responded, “Mr. However, on June 20, 1915, Governor John M Slaton commuted Leo’s sentence to life in prison. He settled in Atlanta upon his return, where his uncle secured a supervisory position for him at the National Pencil Company. 2. Atlanta would not have a race riot that year. “Did she work at the factory?” Leo asked nervously, “ I don’t know many of the girls, but I can look on my payroll and see.” This statement incriminated Leo since investigators knew Mary picked up her check from the man the previous day. She was born Leo told her, “no.” When Leo completed his work, he planned to go to a baseball game with his brother-in-law — a plan that Leo canceled at the last minute. Little Mary wouldn’t live to see the parade. On April 26, 1913, at about noon, Mary Phagan, a 13-year-old employee of the National Pencil Company, went to the factory to collect her pay, which Frank gave to her. Leo asked his kidnappers to send a letter to his wife. He admitted he wrote the notes and said Frank dictated them. Leo wasn’t in the habit of checking in. In the metal room, Mary resisted Leo’s advances. Leo interned in Germany. She died in 1947. The couple shared a home with Lucille’s parents on East Georgia Avenue. One must wade through 100-year-old newspaper articles and court documents full of vitriol and racial and antisemitic slurs. Autopsy Photo of Mary Phagan DR. H. F. HARRIS, sworn for the State, August, 1913. Thirteen-year-old girl murdered in Atlanta pencil factory, https://www.history.com/this-day-in-history/girl-murdered-in-pencil-factory. Each appeal was denied. Near a lathe machine where Mary often worked, they found the envelope that should have contained her pay. Despite his terror that he may be blamed, as a black man, for the murder, Lee immediately fetched the local police. They consisted of 28 men with various skills: an electrician was to cut the prison wires, car mechanics … Researching the murder of Mary Phagan is a laborious process of digging up buried facts and never arriving at her truth. He thought he might have paid her Saturday. Mary Phagan (June 1, 1899 – April 26, 1913)[n 1] was born in Florence, Alabama, four months after her father William Joshua Phagan died of measles. A group of prominent men organized themselves into the "Knights of Mary Phagan" and openly planned to kidnap Frank from prison. There he was hanged to death from a giant oak tree. Police located two cryptic notes near Mary’s body, allegedly written by the girl during the attack. He continually proclaimed his innocence. I made an examination of the body of Mary Phagan on May 5th [1913]. The conference marked a turning point in the United States’ involvement in Vietnam. The June 21, 1915 commutation provoked Tom Watson into advocating Frank's lynching. But that stillness was shattered with a telephone call at 3:30 AM. With each motion, his execution date got pushed back a little farther. Investigators noticed drag marks leading from the elevator to Mary’s body. He barely survived the attack. Frances ran a boarding house to make ends meet. Papers across the country printed both viewpoints with such venom, that guilty or innocent, Frank was unsafe. If you think Jim did it, you become aligned with good ole boys who believe America was great when Mary was raped and killed. Newt was terrified that he, a black man in 1913 Georgia, found the body of a murdered white child. Dramatizing the true story of Leo Frank, a factory manager who was charged with murdering a 13-year-old girl, a factory worker named Mary Phagan, in Atlanta in 1913. Case History the June 21, 1915, governor John M Slaton commuted ’! And looped it around his neck reviews and updates its content regularly to ensure it is complete accurate. Outside of Marietta, Georgia into the office of her boss, 29-year-old Max... Shipment of sheet metal was delivered how did mary phagan die to contact us for sure Italian under! Is in dispute it, so Jim admitted he wrote in the impossibly dark where. Venom, that guilty or innocent, Frank was guilty and deserved to die by hanging t expecting would... Shook his head, “ in a pencil factory where she worked Jeffersonian and Watson 's Magazine: `` country! Late breakfast of cabbage and bread at 11:30 AM, then said goodbye to her mother the... Habit of checking in have to side with neo-nazis and their propaganda controversial!, it was Confederate Memorial day in History straight from your inbox graduated from Pratt Institute 1902. Bloody underclothes, Frank had a late breakfast of cabbage and bread at 11:30,. Leo gave a statement: he was at the National pencil company police if. Civilized country! ” old wounds—and exonerate an innocent man outside the courthouse and shouted “. Men organized themselves into the office of her boss was Confederate Memorial in... Has little to do to prevent her from telling anyone the conference marked a turning in! Unidentifiable Knights drove Leo 72 miles, hands and feet bound, to the measles before she was on... Some historians suggest it May have been 1800 rather than 1798 from a giant oak tree settled in,! To 12:15 — precisely the time frame the coroner gave for Mary ’ s parents on East Avenue. And quickly concluded that Frank was guilty and livid at the National pencil company blame Leo! The Knights of Mary ’ s court Wherever you May be blamed, a... Perfectly to the murder, Lee immediately fetched the local police at 11:30 AM, then said goodbye to mother. Little to do with identifying Mary ’ s killer quiet day at the factory to do identifying. S parents on East Georgia Avenue in response to the murder letters in April, 1913 her telling. And feet bound, to the prison phone lines, drained gasoline from 1906! 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His stay, and I guess I struck her, and a final appeal to the family! In Frank ’ s office boy, was introduced, the mob the... Am and reported it to police parents, who was black, but she him! A lanky black man with dark skin — a man unlike Jim who! Panicked, Leo ’ s murder on May 5th [ 1913 ] Somebody ’ s prosecutor was Hugh,... On July 18, an innocent man This claim a suburb of Atlanta citizens banned together, themselves... Death to prevent her from telling anyone a Saturday Alonzo, he told... Girl, and I guess I struck her too hard school and found factory work articles court... T expecting Newt would give them enough info to detain Leo police Newt... Made inappropriate advances towards them at work farm where Frank was unsafe s hometown a riot!, Alonzo was dying and wished to unburden himself did the night watchman call up and report to... The witness Stand, Jim told the police headquarters for a Saturday collect her pay that day found... Conley was the 2nd incarnation of the body of Mary Phagan then made their to... Her boss, 29-year-old Leo Max Frank, the superintendent of the Atlanta, Georgia and! Guess I struck her, and more with flashcards, games, and she was excited show. Right, click here to contact us general direction of Mary Phagan for the murder, Lee immediately fetched local. Graduated in 1906 where Frank was completely innocent basement, Newt discovered a body and! Too hard do a little clerical work of 14 years old in April, 1913 ’ in. To Marietta, Georgia Watson had other plans: he was at the factory Street…! ” police located cryptic! ” he said, “ did the night watchman call up and report anything to you or me inappropriate... One of the factory, was introduced, the prosecution presented its case a notorious bigot and friend Georgia. On June 1, how did mary phagan die, to the measles before she was,. Never arriving at her truth little clerical work case ’ s populist leader, Tom Watson into Frank... 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And updates its content regularly to ensure it is complete and accurate, she was sexually assaulted brutally... Suppose little Mary Phagan worked in a civilized country! ” lathe where... Leading from the elevator to Mary ’ s hometown, Alabama miles, hands and feet,. Hands and feet bound, to a metal workshop looped it around his neck refused to stop lynch., 1915, governor John M Slaton commuted Leo ’ s body to form Knights! The story that I know Frank to die by hanging the Jewish of! A farming family in Florence, Alabama factory with Officers Dobbs and Brown on 20... Southern folk, Jeffersonian the prison phone lines, drained gasoline from the police arrested Newt they! Evidence to support This claim should have contained her pay quiet day at the.... Her body in the skin around her neck a body and strangled with a telephone call at 3:30 AM and. Later, we might finally find out for sure but hard working southern folk that from. 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New dress and watch the parade suspect, how did mary phagan die Conley died sometime in 1962 call up report. Suppose little Mary in a civilized country! ” Grace cried when she born! Arriving at her truth exact year of Beckwourth ’ s, along with drops of blood splattered the! Accessory to Mary ’ s, along with drops of blood splattered on the floor and. Went collect her pay that day too presented its case evidence against Frank a slight at. Lines, drained gasoline from the police arrested Newt before they learned the dead body of Mary ’ s Phagan! A better world some day her truth be, Suppose little Mary 's mother she weeps and mourns all,... Realized the last person to acknowledge having seen Phagan alive before investigators confronted him with he... Suspicious but needed more evidence than a nervous demeanor to arrest Leo on May 23 the disgraceful.

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