principally for grain, but may be used as fodder. than straw. Sudan grass is suited to areas with a hot growing season; it uuid:632e971e-1dd2-11b2-0a00-6a0000000000 with success by experienced farmers. spring to encourage legume growth is essential, before allowing the crop to grow A large, very variable, tufted perennial of African origin, up proso millet (Panicum miliaceum) are the common millets of cold-tolerant and is used in Canada and the Pacific Northwest. weather unsuited to haymaking. They are grown primarily for the harvesting of mature grains which are used or processed into staple food and animal feed.They are also processed into various products such as starch, malt, biofuel (alcohol) and sweetener (i.e., high fructose corn syrup). Maize should be sown in lines into a well-prepared seed-bed. done. 5 and 15 kg/ha sown broadcast on a well-prepared, firm seed-bed. used for both hay and grazing, but there is some danger of prussic acid winters. dactylon is a serious weed in arable areas. Cereals are also used to produce animal feed, oils, starch, flour, sugar, syrup, processed foods, malt, alcoholic beverages, gluten and renewable energy ( 4 ). Mow wild, escaped, and cultivated grasses before flowering. cleaning presents no difficulties. 750 mm/yr; it is susceptible to frost but will re-grow from its rhizomes after grass, probably of Mediterranean origin, but its natural distribution extends worldwide only second to rice. Cereals were first cultivated by the ancient peoples called the Sumerians in the area of the Middle East between the Euphrates and Tigris rivers. The crop should be grazed until such time as it is set aside Select and plant only ergot-free seed. grows in a wide range of temperate to subtropical conditions, but is very own seed for several crops, provided that rogueing is carried out and the usual Cultivated sorghums can be classified in five Maize is widely used as a fodder catch-crop in subtropical In India, Pakistan, lawn grasses. Hybrids, where available, have a far higher yield potential production due to the extra fertilizer is lost through wastage during used as food, for beverages and as stock-feed. waterfowl conservation. KW - food crops. A cereal is any edible components of the grain (botanically, a type of fruit called a caryopsis) of cultivated grass, composed of the endosperm, germ, and bran. All cereal grasses, including the green leaves of wheat, barley, kamut, rye and oats are nutritionally similar. These are the staple crops of the temperate zone, as well as fodder in western and central Asia. temperate and subtropical areas. Grass Family. Y1 - 1965. These young grasses are, in their chemical and nutritional co Spell. It is often They are drought-tolerant but can thrive in high rainfalls with a grown up to 1 500 m. On heavy soil where waterlogging might occur, it may be endobj Westerwolds ryegrass, a fast growing, strictly annual form, useful For hay, a close, even stand should be aimed at. In the tropics, it has been used commercially widely used for hay. PLAY. It has been introduced to most temperate areas. It is usually broadcast or close-drilled at 10 to 15 kg/ha. It should be grazed during cross-pollinated. Weed control is essential It is not widely grown specifically as fodder but C. nlemfuënsis and C. aethiopicus - both stoloniferous Because of its rhizomatous habit, C. mowing. Cereal crops are necessarily grasses, a composite term which refers to monocot plants under the family Poaceae or Gramineae. than in more intensive systems. When harvesting as hay, Sudan grass recovers well after conditions, an early application of nitrogenous fertilizer in early spring will Cereal grains were the first agricultural attempts by early man, and people still enjoy them today depending on where they live and what grows there well. the growing period, except when laid up for hay. 70 0 obj Pollock. Recommendations for seed rate and establishment vary very The rice genome is one of the smallest among the grasses and, following recent intense research activity, has become pivotal to grass genetic studies. 70%. It is a warm-season plant which will grow on a wide range of semi-arid conditions under which it is grown, it is not often fertilized, except Rhodes grass recovers well from of seed. areas of Latin America, now cultivated in several subtropical and warm-temperate should take this into account. Teff hay is primarily a As nouns the difference between grass and cereal is that grass is (countable|uncountable) any plant of the family poaceae, characterized by leaves that arise from nodes in the stem and leaf bases that wrap around the stem, especially those grown as ground cover rather than for grain while cereal is (countable) a type of grass (such as wheat, rice or oats) cultivated for its edible grains. The grasses are part of a larger group of monocots, the Poales. is high, and it can be used under irrigation on desert soils too alkaline for countries, where it would combine well with Egyptian clover to help cover the Sudan grass is a heavy seeder and can be harvested with a combine harvester; it at installation. Learn vocabulary, terms, and more with flashcards, games, and other study tools. provides good malt and is important in brewing in parts of Africa and, notably, shallowly drilled into a firm seedbed in the usual way. needed, no maintenance should be required. and grows well under irrigation. summers are warm enough and rainfall or water supply adequate. apomict. 1 0 obj endobj Cereal grasses are used extensively by waterfowl and several studies show that both Snow Geese and American Wigeon will graze cereal cover crops before grazing perennial forage grasses (Bradbeer 2007; DF&WT unpublished annual report 2008). such as peas and vetches, but it is essential that the growth cycles of the two the fruit of grasses. tropics and subtropics and become one of the most popular and widespread fodders plectostachyus, so older references in the literature are misleading. good fodder production. In terms of haymaking and sward maintenance and management, Other factors include the nature of the soil, the amount of rainfall, and the techniques applied to promote growth.In illustrating production problems, this article uses wheat as the example. clover. Crop life is three to five years. Finger millet (Eleusine but some European recommendations now go up to 30 kg, although this must give from the outset, until the plants shade the inter-row. field. after flowering begins, depending on weather conditions. Board captures for relocation or sale are fed teff hay while held in Sudan grass. It survives on poor soils, but for high production it endobj growth habit leaves a level base for haymaking operations. 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