Muley, H. Zahir and B. Cattermoul (2002), Fisheries production statistics: Maldives, Government of Maldives and United Nations Post-Tsunami Lessons Learned and Best Practices Workshop, "Assessment of Damage to Maldivian Coral Reefs and Baitfish Populations from the Indian Ocean Tsunam", United Nations Convention on the Law of the Sea - Part V, Reef Fish Resources Survey in the Maldives - Phase II, "Fisheries reel in big catch from Gulf funds", Fisheries Extension Services in the Maldives, Manual Boat Hauling Devices in The Maldives, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Fishing_industry_in_the_Maldives&oldid=931120888, Articles with dead external links from December 2019, Articles with permanently dead external links, All set index articles with links needing disambiguation, Set index articles with links needing disambiguation from September 2015, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, 1,674 vessels, nearly all motorised (1995), Land areas: The islands in the Maldives are too small to have inland lakes and rivers, so there are no inland fisheries. Light availability is the main factor limiting the range of coral here. In some cases, these are conveniently and quietly disposed of at night or while guests are diving.  Further construction of fisheries refrigeration installations and related facilities such as collector vessels were underway in 1994, with funding both from Japan and the World Bank. Collecting black coral for jewelry has been banned from January 1995, and coral mining for building purposes has been restricted to specific areas to protect the existing reefs and give them a chance to keep up with predicted sea-level rises. These boats are called dhonis. Huvadhoo Atoll in the south is sometimes named on maps as Suvadiva Atoll, which is another more recent name and Goidhoo Atoll is also called Horsburgh Atoll. Originally sailing craft, nowadays these boats are usually fitted with motors. Examples are increasing risks of spills from oil tankers, and industrial discharges from countries to the north, such as organochlorine residues such as DDT, and heavy metals such as mercury, cadmium, lead, and arsenic. A fushi is a big island usually on the outside reef of the atoll. It is one of the most visible signs of human impact and one of the most challenging problems to control. The total land (not immersed) area of the islands is about 300 km2, and the total coral shelf area is about 35,000 km2.. The most important tuna species is the skipjack tuna, although they are coming under increasing pressure. Controls on grouper fishing are now being looked at, and a possible remedy in the future is envisaged. Next most important, in terms of fish exports from the Maldives, is the large yellowfin tuna. The resultant smell is said to have drifted across the island of Gaafaru, thus giving the reef its name. The Maldives contain 2.86 percent of the world coral reefs. Himmi means the gap between two objects, and in this case, the reef is divided into two parts by water. Aside from being of essential importance to the economy, fishing is also a popular recreational activity in the Maldives, not only among locals but by tourists. There are four areas in the Maldives where fisheries can operate. The number of safari boats has increased exponentially in the past ten years and disposal of rubbish from the ships is another cause of the problem. House reef snorkelling is a great bonus to your Maldives beach experience. This is the first step in protecting popular dive sites from the detrimental effects of over-fishing, coral mining, anchor damage and rubbish. On some inhabited islands, rubbish is dumped on the edge of the island only to be washed away on the high tide. Gobies are so plen Imported turtle products have been banned, and a total ban on turtle collecting has taken effect. Every diver master should restrict diving at sensitive sites to be the ability of their least experienced diver. With fishermen receiving up to US$50/kg for Napoleon, the big fish were being hunted mercilessly. Common are tuna, groupers, dolphin fish, barracuda, rainbow runner, trevally and squirrelfish and many more. Glass fish at Maldives reef Image ID FOT704677 Caption Glass fish at Maldives reef Rights RM Rights Managed Photographer Paul Woodburn Dimensions 3982 x 2645 px Keywords Hanifaru, Maldives, glass fish, glassfish, Baa Atoll, Reethi Beach, Scuba Diving reef, coral On the inner reef slope, coral growth may be rich if the slope is not too steep. That dreaded word. They were a very successful fishery to begin with, but have been overfished and need appropriate management to recover. A giri is a name for a small patch of coral close to the surface. The following table shows the total volume of aquatic species caught in the Maldives, as reported by the FAO, for all commercial, industrial, recreational and subsistence purposes.  Today it still employs half the Maldivian workforce. Reef fishing is not allowed on reserves, with penalties from ranging from $500 to $2,000. A checklist of epipelagic and shore fishes of the Maldives Islands was compiled by Randall and Anderson (1993) who reported 899 species. Progress has also been made as a result of fisheries development projects undertaken by the World Bank. The pelagic fisheries may have considerable expansion potential, especially further from the coast, targeting species such as yellowfin. The channel between two reefs is called a Kandu olhi in Dhivehi but is simply called a kandu. Lionfish are very rare to spot, but they are deadly if got bitten by its poisonous sting and medical care is not obtained fast. The islands are divided into 26 geographic atolls. Coral Reef Fish, Male, Maldives. In 1993, the grouper fishing industry started, and it took off in 1995 with alarming intensity. Coral reefs are created by tiny animals called polyps, which secrete a hard limestone skeleton, which provides the reef framework. Since most of these fish are taken from areas close to Malé, this industry, also, could be in direct conflict with the recreational diving industry. M. and Arif, A. However, following protest from all quarters, the government has now banned all export of Napoleon fish. Fragile branching coral may grow between 20 and 30 centimeters per year, while massive boulder-shaped coral may grow only a few millimeters per year. The reef flats can range in width from a few meters to a few kilometers and rainwater can damage or completely destroy the coral in this zone if heavy or cyclonic rainfall coincides with very low tides. A finolhu is an island with few or no coconut trees. They are now called Kurumba Village, Laguna Beach Resort, Reethi Rah Resort, respectively, but many locals still call them by their traditional names. This fishery is an integral part of the pole and line tuna fishery, since tuna feed on the forage fish. Its population in 2008 was 386,000. Your email address will not be published. The outer coral shelf: which slopes away steeply, and does not offer as rich fishing grounds as the inner lagoons do. In areas less exposed to wave action, extensive stands of staghorn Acropora can dominate, and a great variety of fish life occurs among the coral in this zone. Formerly, Maldives shipped 90 percent of its fishing catch of tuna in dried form to Sri Lanka. Anchor damage at dive sites, especially thilas, was considerable in the past but most people are now aware of the damage anchors cause to the coral and adopt different diving techniques. Steep or vertical slopes may be bear, however many interesting caves, overhangs and gullies occur in this area. Awareness for the need of Marine Protected Areas was brought about initially by unrestricted shark fishing, especially at world-renowned dive sites such as Fish Head (Mushimasmingili Thila) and Lions Head. They live in the lagoon and reef as well. Rubbish comes from several sources. Dhoo and Huraa are other words for an island and le, as in Malé, is a contraction of the Sanskrit word liu, meaning island.  The tuna industry in the Maldives has been greatly helped by The State Trading Organisation which rebuilt the efficient tuna cannery plant on the island of Felivaru. A study conducted in 2014 by the Marine Research Center found that the tourism industry was the main market for reef fish in the Maldives. The titan triggerfish or giant triggerfish (Balistoides Viridescens) reaches a length of about 75 cm, and weighs up to 10 kg and can simply bite you. 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